Token economics is where you get incentives in exchange for changing behavior; these may take the form of points, stamps on a chart, or other visual cues. This might include tokens given out for good behaviors at home or even in an institution. Behavior modification is a technique that everyone uses for changing behavior and maintaining them. When people study and understand more about their behaviors and habits, they can change them to be healthier or more productive. Positive reinforcement refers to giving a child something that reinforces good behavior.

behavior modification programs

Over time, the goal is to phase out the tokens and have the individual maintain the desired behavior without them. Non-contingent reinforcement is a behavior modification technique where rewards (reinforcers) are delivered at random times, regardless of the individual’s behavior. When a specific behavior results in the loss of something pleasant or desired, the behavior becomes less likely to occur in the future.

about the behavioral goals.

It’s used to weaken or suppress undesired behaviors without introducing an aversive stimulus. Finally, on
the basis of the assessment of the employee’s performance record,
the supervisor administers feedback and, where warranted, praise. For example, praise could strengthen the employees’ efforts to
reduce defects (positive reinforcement). The withholding of praise
for defect levels deemed less than adequate or below established
goals could cause employees to stop behavior that was contributing
to defects or work harder to reduce defects (extinction).

It’s essential to ensure that the reinforcer isn’t accidentally strengthening undesired behaviors. The goal is often to decrease problematic behaviors by providing the individual with the desired reinforcer How To Build Alcohol Tolerance: The Best Tips From Real Experts without it being linked to the undesired behavior. Stimulus control involves modifying the environment to increase the likelihood of a desired behavior or decrease the chances of an undesired one.

Job performance

Examples include locking your door to keep yourself from going out drinking. Avoiding places where you used to drink excessively, and not keeping any alcohol around the house. Keep in mind that behavior modification should be customized to your child’s specific needs.

And when you’re dealing with behavior modification, it’s that complexity that is extremely important. Because it’s all more than just reinforcing behaviors so that they occur more often. There are a lot of different factors that enter into behavior modification and make behavioral programs effective.


In addition, several of the legal and moral issues related to behavior modification programs in which extreme methods were used are discussed. Because of its emphasis on shaping behavior, it is more appropriate to think of behavior modification as a technique for motivating employees rather than as a theory of work motivation. It does not attempt to provide a comprehensive model of the various personal and job-related variables that contribute to motivation. Instead, its managerial thrust is how to motivate, and it is probably this emphasis that has led to its current popularity among some managers. Even so, we should be cautioned against the unquestioned acceptance of any technique until we understand the assumptions underlying the model. If the underlying assumptions of a model appear to be uncertain or inappropriate in a particular situation or organization, its use is clearly questionable.

  • This means that, in essence, Skinner found that reinforced behavior tends to be repeated and behavior that isn’t reinforced tends to phase out.
  • Over time, the goal is to phase out the tokens and have the individual maintain the desired behavior without them.
  • Another important complex part of behavior modification is choosing what reinforcement to use.
  • Far from the trust-building exercises and fun runs of modern corporate retreats, Japan’s executive Hell Camps were run with the discipline and intensity of military basic training.
  • It’s essential to use the least intrusive prompt necessary to achieve the desired behavior.

By Amy Morin, LCSW

Amy Morin, LCSW, is the Editor-in-Chief of Verywell Mind. She’s also a psychotherapist, an international bestselling author of books on mental strength and host of The Verywell Mind Podcast. This approach is often used to discipline kids with ADHD, autism, or oppositional defiant disorder. As the lines between real and fake blur, Americans increasingly chase the idea of authenticity. The first step may be to consider self-knowledge, truthfulness, and other building blocks on the road to personal growth.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *